Nasal Turbinate Hypertrophy

Nasal Turbinate Hypertrophy

The nasal turbinates may become swollen and enlarged (hypertrophy) with certain conditions like allergies and chronic sinusitis. The inferior turbinate is the most common turbinate to be affected and typically leads to nasal obstruction. The middle turbinate can also be affected, and hypertrophy of this turbinate can cause blockage of the normal sinus drainage pathways, leading to sinusitis. Turbinate hypertrophy may lead to chronic nasal obstruction, decreased sense of smell, headaches, snoring, or worsened obstructive sleep apnea. Inflamed turbinates also lead to excessive nasal mucus. Topical nasal steroid sprays and antihistamine sprays act to decrease inflammation and shrink these turbinates, improving nasal breathing and decreasing nasal mucus. If medical therapy is not effective, turbinate reduction surgery may be indicated.

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